It is known that flying has a detrimental impact on the environment, but now airports strive to become "greener". Some of them have succeeded.
Constantly flying plane has become unpopular: knowing what are the consequences for the human environment, can we do that we sit on the plane? However, a recent study in Germany showed that precisely those voters who usually vote for the Green party usually fly the plane. Judging from this, it seems to us particularly difficult for us to give up flying even for the benefit of mankind. Especially when it comes to long distances, flying a plane is just inevitable.
So, what to do? Separate certain amount of money in funds for combating CO2 emissions? Only that’s not enough. Because while most think of how just flying is harmful, another important factor is ignored. Places from which they take off and where people spend hours and hours of waiting. Airports have become places which offer to travelers everything – from luxury shopping to expensive restaurants. They are earning as one small town and spend just as much energy and resources. However, the first airports to increasingly take into account its ecological balance have emerged. The following is a list of airports that have been most successful in it:
Airport Kochi in India
The electricity consumed in this airport is obtained from solar energy: Kochi airport in the southern Indian state of Kerala is the first airport in the world that uses only solar energy. At the airport, which was started in 2015 installed 46,000 solar panels that produce more energy than it needs. It is expected that in this way prevent the emission of 300,000 tons of CO2 over the next 25 years. The same savings could be achieved by planting three million trees or waiver of a billion kilometers traveled by car.
Heathrow Terminal 2
The largest airport in Europe is planned by 2020 to reduce CO2 emissions by 34 per cent. The main airport in London is the first airport, and the fifth organization in the world that is four times awarded by the Carbon Trust organization for its contribution in reducing CO2 emissions. When this is the airport and the first airport in the world to be certified BREEAM allocated to ecological buildings.
In Germany, the airport in Stuttgart who can be proud of their achivment in the field of preservation of the environment. The sixth largest airport in Germany published a 2013 booklet called “Fairport-kodex” which stipulates how every employee should behave. Airport Stuttgart has committed itself by 2020 to reduce CO2 emissions by 20 percent, which it has already exceeded in 2014. Thus, this airport was the first airport in Germany who began to use electric buses to transport passengers to and from aircraft. The other measures include nature conservation, recycling 98.9 percent of garbage and use of energy that is completely derived from renewable sources.
Terminal 2 at San Francisco
Terminal 2 of the airport in San Francisco is considered the “greenest” airport in the United States since it was renovated in 2011 by renowned architectural firm Gensler. That which can be proud of, among others, is excellent connection to the city, which makes it unnecessary to use the car, the ventilation system of a new generation of purified air with minimal energy consumption, then the dual system of sanitation installation that allows wastewater to be used once and food originating exclusively from regional organic farms. This airport is the first airport in the United States received a gold LEED certification.
Airport in Mexico City (planned)
Airport in Mexico City will likely exceed gold certificate received by the airport in San Francisco and earn the platinum award. The plan for the new airport, which should be put into use in 2018, comes from the architectural firm Norman Foster. It is expected that it will then be the greenest airport in the world. Instead of multiple terminals this airport will consist of one large structure that will restrict the traffic. In addition, it plans to use solar panels, and thanks to the huge glass surfaces will reduce the use of electric lighting. In addition, the airport will recycle waste water and as much as possible the use of air-conditioners replace with fresh air – which is supported by the fact that the city lies at an altitude of 2,310 meters.