Despite efforts in the form of a number of projects that have been initiated in recent years when it comes to energy efficiency and sustainability, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Albania recorded the weakest progress in this area in the region, according to studies by several NGOs.
CO2 emissions, loss of electricity and energy intensity decreased in most countries in the region, but they are weak steps achieved to increase the share of solar energy and wind energy. Some of the areas which had jurisdiction in the coming period must pay more attention to the already mentioned CO2 emissions and the fact that so-called dirty energy to account for 53% of total output, and the figure in the EU is twice less.
– The report shows how the BiH in terms of specific energy indicators are still at a disadvantage compared to countries in the region, especially in relation to the EU. We still have a very large untapped potential of renewable energy sources, which would enable us to “greener” energy and cleaner air, but also open the way to the EU – said Irma Filipović-Karadža, Project Manager of the Foundation of the CPI, which is working on the project “Sustainable Energy Policy in South East Europe “.
Losses in the transmission and distribution of electricity is one of the few things that BiH is able to reduce the period 2010-2015. years.
– However, in BiH these losses of 10%, which is bad for the economy where every resource means a lot – say experts. Another major problem in many studies is that BiH next plans to build wind farms and parks of the cleanest sources of energy does not produce enough electricity to light a bulb.
Perhaps the most positive example in the region is Croatia, which, despite being relatively recently joined the EU and get access to the funds, produces the most solar energy and wind energy in the region, with 5.5% of the total production, according to the latest data is 139 GWh . Of course, for large projects need a lot of money, which is not enough in BiH.
– Finance in this area is essential and all agree that this is a problem. There are many developments in recent years, but for the great results we do not have enough money. Therefore, all their energy we need to focus on drawing funds from which are intended for that purpose – said Goran Trbic, a member of the expert team representing Bosnia and Herzegovina and Dean of the Banja Luka Natural guaranteed mathematical faculties in BiH.
A good example of energy efficiency is the administration building of Science, where he later insulation works and the cessation of the use of coal as a fuel annual CO2 emissions by 100 tons.