Climate Change May Affect the Economy of the Western Balkans

Climate Change May Affect the Economy of the Western Balkans

The latest World Bank report states that the new climate in Central Asia, Russia and the Western Balkans can have severe consequences on the development of the countries in these regions since longer periods of drought are forecast, but also short-term rainfall, and it is forecast that the average temperature could rise two to four

The latest World Bank report states that the new climate in Central Asia, Russia and the Western Balkans can have severe consequences on the development of the countries in these regions since longer periods of drought are forecast, but also short-term rainfall, and it is forecast that the average temperature could rise two to four degrees Celsius, according to media reports.

Climatologist of the Federal Hydrometeorological Institute Dženan Zulum said in the interview for the FENA agency that he had not looked at the report yet but he points out that since the beginning of the official measurement in Bosnia and Herzegovina dating from the 19th century the average temperature rose by 0.8 degrees Celsius.

“During this period there was a small increase in precipitation and changes in precipitation regime, so that frequent and long periods of drought were recorded, but it was noted that there is more rainfall in a shorter period of time,” explained Zulum.

He added that such climatic fluctuations are not favorable on any ground, especially when it comes to the aspect of agriculture, but pointe out that there are no major fluctuations affecting rainfall between summer and winter as far as the temperate continental regions are concerned.

He noted that there is a larger and more frequent number of extreme climatic periods with high temperatures, followed by low temperatures, and long periods without precipitation and then shorter periods with higher precipitation are recorded.

However, he reminded that the May and August precipitation this year were not the only floods that have occurred in recent years. In recent years the Drina river flooded in the central and lower parts, and then the Neretva river.

Therefore, Zulum emphasized that it is to be expected that in the future increased number of extreme climatic conditions may be recorded, but it is very difficult to predict in what form.

Advisor for the Macroeconomic system of the Foreign Trade Chamber BiH Igor Gavran told FENA that BiH has a very underdeveloped system of protection and prevention and remediation of damage caused by natural disasters, as evidenced during this year’s floods, and this bad system is now further weakened.

“All dams and all other measures have been exhausted so that small-scale disasters, which may not be flooding but drought or something else, may create much more damage on average than in any other country with a more coherent and completely formed system,” emphasized Gavran.

Since a large part of Bosnia and Herzegovina is in the phase of reconstruction and recovery, Gavran believes that it is much more sensitive to any new damage caused by bad weather, which is why it is an additional cause for concern.

He also stressed that a significant part of BiH’s economy directly depends on weather conditions especially in the areas of hydropower and nutrition. In those areas not only BiH exports depend on the weather conditions, but also the existence of a large number of people.

However, the science has no ability through which it can predict the exact dates when extreme climatic situations may occur, in which year or month, whether it will be 2015 or 2025, but experts believe that more attention should be paid to preventing damage caused by the weather.

Renewable Energy Projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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