The latest World Bank report states that the new climate in Central Asia, Russia and the Western Balkans can have severe consequences on the development of the countries in these regions since longer periods of drought are forecast, but also short-term rainfall, and it is forecast that the average temperature could rise two to four
The latest World Bank report states that the new climate in Central Asia, Russia and the Western Balkans can have severe consequences on the development of the countries in these regions since longer periods of drought are forecast, but also short-term rainfall, and it is forecast that the average temperature could rise two to four degrees Celsius, according to media reports.
Climatologist of the Federal HydrometeorologicalÂ Institute DÅ¾enan Zulum said in the interview for the FENA agency that he hadÂ not looked at the report yet but he points out that since the beginning of theÂ official measurement in Bosnia and Herzegovina dating from the 19th century theÂ average temperature rose by 0.8 degrees Celsius.
“During this period there was a small increase inÂ precipitation and changes in precipitation regime, so that frequent and longÂ periods of drought were recorded, but it was noted that there is more rainfallÂ in a shorter period of time,” explained Zulum.
He added that such climatic fluctuations are not favorableÂ on any ground, especially when it comes to the aspect of agriculture, butÂ pointe out that there are no major fluctuations affecting rainfall betweenÂ summer and winter as far as the temperate continental regions are concerned.
He noted that there is a larger and more frequentÂ number of extreme climatic periods with high temperatures, followed by lowÂ temperatures, and long periods without precipitation and then shorter periodsÂ with higher precipitation are recorded.
However, he reminded that the May and AugustÂ precipitation this year were not the only floods that have occurred in recentÂ years. In recent years the Drina river flooded in the central and lower parts,Â and then the Neretva river.
Therefore, Zulum emphasized that it is to be expectedÂ that in the future increased number of extreme climatic conditions may beÂ recorded, but it is very difficult to predict in what form.
Advisor for the Macroeconomic system of the ForeignÂ Trade Chamber BiH Igor Gavran told FENA that BiH has a very underdeveloped systemÂ of protection and prevention and remediation of damage caused by naturalÂ disasters, as evidenced during this year’s floods, and this bad system is nowÂ further weakened.
“All dams and all other measures have beenÂ exhausted so that small-scale disasters, which may not be flooding but droughtÂ or something else, may create much more damage on average than in any otherÂ country with a more coherent and completely formed system,” emphasizedÂ Gavran.
Since a large part of Bosnia and Herzegovina is in theÂ phase of reconstruction and recovery, Gavran believes that it is much moreÂ sensitive to any new damage caused by bad weather, which is why it is anÂ additional cause for concern.
He also stressed that a significant part of BiH’sÂ economy directly depends on weather conditions especially in the areas ofÂ hydropower and nutrition. In those areas not only BiH exports depend on theÂ weather conditions, but also the existence of a large number of people.
However, the science has no ability through which itÂ can predict the exact dates when extreme climatic situations may occur, inÂ which year or month, whether it will be 2015 or 2025, but experts believe thatÂ more attention should be paid to preventing damage caused by the weather.