Along with the level of energy consumption as an indicator for the country’s economic development, energy production from renewable energy sources will become a very important criterion for sustainable development. Most of the countries of Southeastern Europe is facing problems with power supply, frequent power shortages and the continuous dependence on imported electricity. In whole,
Along with the level of energy consumption as an indicator for the country’s economic development, energy production from renewable energy sources will become a very important criterion for sustainable development. Most of the countries of Southeastern Europe is facing problems with power supply, frequent power shortages and the continuous dependence on imported electricity.
In whole, the energyÂ sector in Southeastern Europe is characterized as very high energy-intensity,Â low energy efficiency and lack of production from renewable energy sources.
In Bosnia andÂ Herzegovina, early awareness of the need to better support development ofÂ renewable energy sources is slowly picking up. Decree on the use of renewableÂ energy and cogeneration was adopted by the Government of the Federation BiH in
June this year aimed at encouraging the development of renewable energyÂ projects. However, the implementation is expected in early 2011. The aim of thisÂ Decree is to stimulate greater production and consumption of electricity fromÂ renewable sources and cogeneration in the internal electricity market and theÂ development of regulatory and technical infrastructure for renewable energy andÂ cogeneration. Indirect objectives are reflected particularly in terms ofÂ removing barriers to increase the use of renewable energy sources (includingÂ administrative), reducing the influence of the use of fossil fuels, achievingÂ the Kyoto targets, and job creation and entrepreneurship development in theÂ energy sector. Regulation on the use of renewable energy sources andÂ cogeneration can be found here.
Installations ofÂ renewable energy sources and cogeneration in the Federation, depending on theÂ installed capacity, are divided into four categories: micro-plants (up to andÂ including 150kW), mini plants (from 150 kW up to and including 1 MW), smallÂ plants (1MW up to and including 10 MW) and large plants over 10 MW.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaÂ has more than 50% of its territory covered by forests and has a significantÂ potential in the wood biomass. According to the incentive rates in the region, theÂ feed-in tariffs of electricity from biomass are the lowest in the region.Â Energis questions the safety strategies of the tariff system for energy fromÂ biomass, because it is not stimulating enough for domestic or sufficientlyÂ attractive for foreign investors, although this potential can make the fastestÂ effects for a complete economy of BiH. In fact, according to European standards,Â from ten generated jobs of energy production from biomass, nine of them areÂ domestic and only one position belongs to the production of elements thatÂ should be imported.
Furthermore, theÂ presented graph is backed up with data. The prices in the table are shown in Eurocents.Â Thus, the price of energy from biomass power plants with installed capacity upÂ to 150kW in BiH is â‚¬ 0.0858 / kWh, while Croatia and Slovenia have twice theÂ purchase price for electricity produced with biomass, â‚¬ 0.1623 / kWh and â‚¬Â 0.224 / kWh respectively.
The increase of theÂ tariffs in Bosnia would lead to improving our overall economy. It would createÂ jobs in various sectors: transport, the production of pellets and wood chips, domesticÂ production of biomass burners, etc. If we take into account of biomass powerÂ plants with installed capacity up to 1 MW, their incentive prices should be attractiveÂ enough to stimulate investors, which would lead to the regulation of theÂ market. The feed-in tariffs of biomass power plants with the installed capacityÂ of 150kW to 1MW shows that BiH is lagging far behind in the region.