Efficient lighting reduces electricity demand for lighting by around 40%. In BiH the domestic and commercial lighting base is large; lighting is the main driver of the peak load. More than 7 million incandescent lights are in operation, according to the Center of Education and Raising Awareness of Energy Efficiency study. Only 20% of the
Efficient lighting reduces electricity demand for lighting by around 40%. In BiH the domestic and commercial lighting base is large; lighting is the main driver of the peak load. More than 7 million incandescent lights are in operation, according to the Center of Education and Raising Awareness of Energy Efficiency study. Only 20% of the electricity used by an incandescent bulb produces light; the remaining 80% is wasted as heat. A CFL uses all of its electricity input to produce light, saving about 80% of power consumption. Because of their design, CFLs last about 10 times longer than incandescent lamps.
In BiH, public lighting is subsidized andÂ local government units are responsible for managing it. In the provinces, mostÂ street lighting uses inefficient lighting technologies such as fluorescentÂ lights, incandescent bulbs, and low-pressure mercury vapor lamps. BiH could useÂ efficient lights for public lighting to reduce the need for energy generationÂ and avoid the associated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
BiH lacks the legal and political base forÂ efficient decision-making. There is not enough capability to distributeÂ responsibilities of energy and energy efficiency through different levels ofÂ government. In addition, knowledge about energy management in municipalities isÂ scarce. With shrinking budgets, nobody is paying attention to energy efficiencyÂ and how it can help cut costs and balance the budget. That is why capacityÂ building is very important in this case; there is a huge potential in raisingÂ awareness of energy efficiency. This pilot project will show the energy savingsÂ and can be applied to all other municipalities in BiH.
Preliminary assessment shows that publicÂ lighting in medium-sized municipalities is responsible of 2% – 5% of the totalÂ budget, and total energy costs from 5% – 9% of the annual budget. Although,Â almost all municipalities have problems with budgets, still there are noÂ initiatives or actions in energy savings.
GovernmentÂ Strategy for Energy Efficiency and Tackling Climate Change
Ineffective communication strategies are someÂ of the major barriers to motivating and empowering the public to take action onÂ climate change issues. Unfortunately, the government of Bosnia and HerzegovinaÂ doesn’t have a defined energy strategy and no legal framework to support andÂ boost energy efficiency initiatives. Instead, the government focuses onÂ building new energy production plants (to explore the significance of hydro andÂ coal energy potential) to boost the economy missing to consider and promote theÂ effect of energy efficiency improvements.
Furthermore, BiH needs to launch a nationalÂ conservation program which will include activities supporting energy efficiencyÂ standards and labeling, demand-side management, energy management, recognitionÂ programs, advisory services, and monitoring.