The strong growth of solar photovoltaic power continued in 2011 with growth of 16.6 GW in 2010 and 27.7 GW in 2011. In Europe, during 2011 thatÂ figure rose to 21 GW of installed capacity. Number of countries that haveÂ installed more than 1 GW doubled to six in relation three years ago. In 2010, topÂ 3 markets
The strong growth of solar photovoltaic power continued in 2011 with growth of 16.6 GW in 2010 and 27.7 GW in 2011.
In Europe, during 2011 thatÂ figure rose to 21 GW of installed capacity. Number of countries that haveÂ installed more than 1 GW doubled to six in relation three years ago. In 2010, topÂ 3 markets were Germany, Italy and the Czech Republic, and last year’s list wasÂ headed by Italy and Germany, China, USA, France and Japan. Italy and GermanyÂ accounted for 60% of the total market, and Europe as much as 75% of the marketÂ last year.
The main advantage of theÂ photovoltaic market last year was the opening of new markets such as Asia andÂ South Africa and great developments of China, U.S., Australia and India. TotalÂ installed capacity in the world in 2011 was 67.4 GW of PV and is thus becomingÂ the third most important renewable energy source after hydropower and windÂ power. Total production of electricity from Photovoltaic is now about 80Â billion kWh, which is enough to supply 20 million households.
In Europe, that figureÂ amounts to 50 GW which is enough for 50 billion kWh or to supply 15 millionÂ households. On the table below one can see an overview of the 15 largestÂ markets in 2011 (Second column) and their total installed capacity at the endÂ of 2011 (Second column), while European markets were marked with orange. ThisÂ shows that Italy and Germany lead in convincing the amount of installedÂ photovoltaic systems, and the first 10 states occupies more than 90% of totalÂ PV installations.
Table 2 below shows theÂ development the total installations of photovoltaic power plants (the figureÂ shows the total installed capacity by the end of that year), while Europe isÂ shown in orange, and all other markets in yellow.
Last year, the EuropeanÂ markets were led by Italy, Germany and France with the fact that Italy hasÂ achieved tremendous growth from 2.3 GW in 2010 to 9 GW in 2011. This is largelyÂ a consequence of decisions that all systems are set up to end of 2010 and putÂ into operation in mid-2011 to get the feed-in tariff of the year before thatÂ was higher. It is set as 3.5 GW. In Germany, most of the growth came at the endÂ of the year, whereas in France most of the systems merged in 2011 were built aÂ year earlier, and there is next year, however, expected to limit the annualÂ installation of 500 MW.
Great Britain has also had tremendous growth due toÂ good feed-in tariffs that have been reduced at the end of last year. OtherÂ major markets were Belgium, Spain, Greece and Slovakia. Slovakia has had toÂ reduce its feed-in tariff in July because of the huge growth in the first twoÂ quarters. The Czech Republic is on the other hand after a 2 GW installedÂ capacity in the last two years, merged last less than 10 MW due to a change inÂ the whole of the legal framework for photovoltaic systems. From other EUÂ countries should note the rise of Austria and Bulgaria, who have set up 100 andÂ 80 MW, respectively.
From countries outside theÂ EU, the biggest last year was China, which has set about 2 GW, thanks to theÂ new feed-in tariff at the level of regions. The U.S. has also had a largeÂ increase from 800 MW to some 1.6 GW in 2011. Japan has also moved above a GWÂ due to changes in their legal framework. Australia has also been impressiveÂ with 700 MW, India is set up 300 MW, as well as Canada, Ukraine has in turnÂ raised 140 MW (with only two large solar PV power plants) and 130 MW has setÂ Israel.