Following article contains some of the most important framworks, laws and analisys of European Comission regarding energy efficiency. Selected articles clearly show tendencies of European Union, whichÂ is of highest importance for developing countries like Bosnia andÂ Herzegovina. Investments in low-carbon technologies One of the mostÂ signifficant missions of Europe’s economy is to become leader in reduction ofÂ greenhouse
Following article contains some of the most important framworks, laws and analisys of European Comission regarding energy efficiency.
Selected articles clearly show tendencies of European Union, whichÂ is of highest importance for developing countries like Bosnia andÂ Herzegovina.
Investments in low-carbon technologies
One of the mostÂ signifficant missions of Europe’s economy is to become leader in reduction ofÂ greenhouse gasses. EU develops legal framework, that focuses on climate andÂ energy goals for year 2020, as well as coal prices by Emission Trading System
Goals set for year 2020, are just a milestone for long-term goals ofÂ reduction of emission of greenhouse gasses up to 80% until year 2050.
Enhancement of energyÂ system in order to reduce usage of fossil fuels, is main challenge for 21stÂ century, especially if we have in mind that currently 80% of all energyÂ produced comes form usage of fossil fuels.
In order to achieve thisÂ goal, we have to make efforts in large number of areas, and use large number ofÂ methods. Areas and methods used vary from country to country, depending onÂ political will, market requests and resources available.
EnergyÂ efficiency is the easiest and the most cost-effective way to reduce emission ofÂ carbon dioxide. New technologies have to be applied in transport, buildings andÂ industry, in order to contribute as quickly as possible to EU goals. Smart CitiesÂ is initiative that aims to introduce energy efficient solutions it widerÂ market. This initiative is focused on cities that are ready to enhance theirÂ transportation systems, energy grids and building by using modern technologies.Â Participant cities will test and try to prove cost-effectiveness of energyÂ efficiency.
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Research conducted inÂ European Union showed technologies available for reaching EU goals as shown inÂ chart. There are three main tiers of technology available, and each waveÂ offers new opportunities for new development of efficient technologies.
First tier shows currentlyÂ available technologies, with accent on energy efficiency in buildings,Â transport and industry. That basically shows that energy efficiency is applicableÂ right now and they can significantlyÂ change current energy consumption.
Second tier is based onÂ development of green technologies in production of energy, especially on moreÂ efficient solar power, bioenergy, ocean energy and development of newÂ generation of nuclear power.
Third tier is focused onÂ development of technology for usage of fusion, and as planned this technologyÂ should be available in next 50 years.
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Attitudes Towards Energy
BasicÂ steps that European Commission identified as crucial in meeting energyÂ challenges:
- insisting on energy efficiency asÂ central idea of development policies of EU
- insist on renewable energyÂ sources
- increase energy security
- enhance efficiency and cleanliness of fossil fuels usage
InÂ order to support their efforts EU focused on consumers, and launched number ofÂ campaigns with goals to increase awareness about energy efficiency.
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European Strategic Energy Plan
EuropeanÂ Union adopted Plan of Action with tendency to accomplish sustainability,Â competitiveness, security and efficiency of energy, by reducing emission ofÂ greenhouse gasses for 20%, increase of energy from renewable sources for 20% byÂ the year 2020.
ThisÂ Plan is based on significant change of Europeâ€™sÂ energy system in coming years, and that change includes legal framework,
infrastructure, consumers and energy industry.
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EuropeanÂ Action Plan for Energy Efficiency
Direct annual cost of non-efficient energy use inÂ European Union accumulate up to 100 billion Euro. Recognition of energy savingÂ potential is key element of joint energy policy of EU. The most efficient way toÂ save is to increase energy security, to reduce greenhouse gasses and developingÂ new energy efficient technologies and products. Need for better policies onÂ energy efficiency is stated in â€˜greenâ€™ publication of European Commission namedÂ â€œEuropean Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energyâ€.
Main thesis of Action plan is usage of best possibleÂ technologies, and although Plan is based on current technologies it points out Â importance of new technology development.
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