Almost 20 municipalities and several companies from BiH are interested to participate in the recently announced project investments in cogeneration plants. At last week's presentation of the investment, and with the participation of representatives of FIPA, USAID, the Italian company Pyrox and their Representative in BiH - firm Alfa Invest, it is said that each municipality could earn a million euros annually and employ about 25 workers .
Although the media convey information that Pyrox will invest 150 million euros, however it seames that more financial institutions are willing to participate in the financing of this project, such as UniCredit bank or investment fund Ireland. Since this is a renewable energy, the greater is the willingness of European funds to give their share. Municipalities would be accounted for 10-15%, and that in his statement said director of company Alfa Invest Zdravko Acimovic, most municipalities are interested in public-private partnerships.
– Based on a survey that was completed, the projects co-generation wants 18 municipalities and four companies. We have heard from the municipality and also from Serbia, as well as some consulting company wishing to participate in the preparation of documentation. We have the example of a municipality and the company they want to jointly realize the cogeneration plant, to be derived heat partly used for the city, and the other part of the industry – said Acimovic.
How do we explain Acimovic, after the municipality and the company completed the questionnaire, followed by preparing documents, based on which will make business plans.
Italian Pyrox, whose representative in BiH firm Alfa Invest owns proprietary technology for the production of electricity and thermal energy on the basis of solid biomass, which can be used to heat homes, greenhouses, and other facilities.
Acimovic explained that the right technology was one of the reasons that the municipality did not have the ability to invest in cogeneration projects, although our country has significant potential in the wood processing sector.
Soon the study on the potential use of biomass in BiH
Just those that have a long tradition of wood processing are most likely to in the near future to build a cogeneration biomass plants. This USAID EIA project focused on providing technical assistance to companies in this sector to develop projektaka, said Fahrudin Kulic from USAID.
– Indicative estimate is that both entities have about the same unused theoretical potential of primary energy biomass of about 1,400 GWh, a total of 2,800 GWh in BiH. Unused wood biomass consists of the remains after harvesting which now remain in the forest. All this potential can not be used, because the part must be left in the woods, and one part is not feasible to collect. Specifically assessment will be made in the context of development of the study of biomass potential in BiH, which will lead GIZ, and will participate as representatives of USAID EIA project.
According to Kulic, except this potential, wood processing companies in the biomass used for heat production, and could be used to produce electricity.
The projections say that by 2020 FBiH supposed to produce 30 GWh of electricity from biomass, and RS 44.56.
– That the amount of electricity from biomass, which is planning to encourage as specified in the entity action plans for renewable energy. In FBiH company Natron Hayat produces electricity from biomass, but not in the system of incentives. Other plants built in BiH do not, but the plan is to build a cogeneration plant in Livno electrical power of 1.2 MW, which should produce 9.6 GWh of electricity annually.
To cogeneration plants to biomass would be profitable, it is necessary to subsidize electricity generated through the guaranteed purchase price. As explained by Kulic, in the current action plans of the RS and FBiH, provided subsidized electricity generated from biomass are not enough to build a significant number of these plants.
The first plant in Donji Zabar and Prijedor
We find out that cogeneration plants on wood biomass does not yet exist in BiH, but from 2011 there biogas plant in the framework of cooperatives Livač near Laktasi.
In the RS, the two facilities in the final stages of construction, which should be in the system of incentives. Firma Gold MG in Donji Zabar builds biogas plant, which will have a capacity of 989 kW with an annual production of 8,275 MWh (8,275 GWh) of electricity.
The plant on wood biomass (heating plant) in Prijedor will be with the capacity of 242 kW and with an annual production of 1,960 MWh of electricity.