Reducing energy consumption is one of the main development objectives of the European Union, whose members are committed to increase the share of renewable energy to 20 percent and improve energy efficiency by 20 percent by 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina has committed itself to these EU principles as well. The most documents of the European
Reducing energy consumption is one of the main development objectives of the European Union, whose members are committed to increase the share of renewable energy to 20 percent and improve energy efficiency by 20 percent by 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina has committed itself to these EU principles as well.
The most documents of the European Union in the fieldÂ of energy efficiency of buildings are Directives 2002/91/EC and 2010/31/EC onÂ the energy performance of buildings. It imposes an obligation of saving energyÂ in buildings as well as in the EU candidate countries, such as Bosnia andÂ Herzegovina.
Under the current EU legislation, the DirectiveÂ provides for the maximum annual energy consumption in buildings by 95 kWhÂ (kilowatt hours) per square meter. The buildings in BiH consume more than 200Â kWh/m2 of energy per year, while in private houses these indicators are aroundÂ 350 KWh/m2.
Director of the Center for Education and Raising AwarenessÂ of Energy Efficiency “ENERGIS” Hamid Mehinovic claims forÂ “Avaz” that although lately there have been positive shifts amongÂ citizens of awareness of energy efficiency, however the awarenesss level isÂ still very low.
– BiH citizens are in the need of one country wide awarenessÂ raising campaign about energy efficiency. On the other hand, it is difficult toÂ “compel” citizens who are on the district heating system to saveÂ heating energy because they do not pay per kilowatt hour, they pay the billsÂ for the actual energy consumption, but per square meter.
Energis is constantly working to increase awareness ofÂ energy efficiency in buildings and industry both through projects funded by internationalÂ and local organizations as well as from its own resources and initiative – says
Mehinovic emphasized that the Republic of Srpska hasÂ adopted the Law on Energy Efficiency while at the same law in the FederationÂ BiH is in the parliamentary procedure and is expected to be adopted in the nextÂ month or two. What is needed, says Mehinovic, are laws that need to beÂ harmonized with EU directives.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, as a signatory to the EnergyÂ Community Treaty, obliged itself to transpose three main EU directives onÂ energy efficiency in domestic legislation ‘on the energy performance ofÂ buildings, on the labeling of energy consumption, and the end-use efficiencyÂ and energy services.
He added that the Federation has made a step forward,Â bringing a number of regulations, including Regulation on energy certificationÂ of buildings, according to which any new building must conduct energy auditsÂ and to have an energy certificate.
-Existing dwellings that are sold, issued or leaseÂ would have to display energy certificate for inspection. Public buildings withÂ a useful floor area of more than 500 square meters will have to demonstrateÂ energy certificate in a visible place – says Mehinovic.
He states that buildings are the largest singleÂ consumer of energy, with about 57 percent of the total energy in BiH, and thus a large polluter of the environment. In this regard, he added, the buildingsÂ have the greatest potential for energy and environmental savings and areÂ increasingly emphasized in modern and energy-efficient construction.
-Some of the most basic and most feasible energyÂ efficiency measures are certainly thermal insulation, replacement windows andÂ doors with energy efficient windows and doors, as well as the replacement ofÂ energy-efficient lighting, household appliances and energy-conscious livingÂ lifestyle. Due to the constantly rising energy prices, citizens are
increasingly turning to energy-efficiency measures – highlights Mehinovic.
Sanjin Avdic, Head of UNDP BiH for Energy and EnvironmentÂ in Sarajevo, said for “Avaz” that investing in energy efficiency inÂ buildings can be economically justified taking into account the state of theÂ buildings across the country.
– If we take the inescapable fact of constant growth ofÂ energy prices the viability is even greater. As an illustration, UNDP BiH inÂ the past three years invested a total of $ 4.2 million in measures to increaseÂ energy efficiency of public buildings throughout the country and thus realizedÂ 38 projects. The average payback period of these infrastructure measures isÂ less than six years, with total realized savings of $ 700,000 per year, thusÂ reducing the emission of 2,200 tons of CO2 per year and direct employment ofÂ local labor – says Avdic.
He points out that UNDP works closely with the entityÂ funds for environmental protection and in addition to increasing energyÂ efficiency and reducing CO2 emissions, the employment of local labor isÂ increased.
– Buildings built 30 or 50 years ago have the greatestÂ potential for improving energy efficiency because of unfavorable energyÂ characteristics of the building envelope. When you look at a techno-economicÂ analysis of such structures it is clear that they are actually the most idealÂ investment because their payback period is minimum and can go up to only sixÂ years â€“ said Avdic.
He added that Bosnia and Herzegovina has several yearsÂ to go towards the regulation of energy efficiency issues in buildings, andÂ comprehensive resolution of issues in this area, which includes the sectors ofÂ industry, transport and services.
However, we note that, without strategic orientationsÂ clear objectives to achieve an increase in energy efficiency and more clearlyÂ allocation of responsibilities regarding the implementation of these goalsÂ “we will continue to move in a circle, without substantial changes.”Â He added that the first step was the adoption of the Law on Energy Efficiency
in RS, and hopes the early adoption of the Federation, which, he says, is theÂ key starting point!