Solar Energy Houses

To be partially or totally independent of energy sources is a goal that everyone like to achieve, however, not everyone is aware that it is becoming our reality. Magical word on this subject is Solar Energy. The exploitation of solar energy and light has come to a level that a family house can function without

To be partially or totally independent of energy sources is a goal that everyone like to achieve, however, not everyone is aware that it is becoming our reality.

Magical word on this subject is Solar Energy.
The exploitation of solar energy and light has come to a level that a family
house can function without any additional energy sources. Today’s solar panels
and complete solar systems are arranged to generate sufficient
electricity, heat water and run the heating system for a standard four-member family house.




There are three basic types of houses that use solar
power:

1. PASSIVE SOLAR HOUSE

They use solar panels in most cases just to
get warm water, and take part in the production of electricity, while the
remainder must still buy electricity from the grid. These houses do not
accumulate energy at night and is completely powered from the local power
supply. Optimal solar houses produce enough energy to be able to cover their daily
needs. By barely reaching the goal of the accumulation of energy, excess energy
produced is wasted or sold back to the power distributors and thus further
reduces costs for electricity. These houses also have the advantage of
operating in an automatic ventilation system, so that the house is continuously  filled
fresh air.

2. ‘ZERO’ SOLAR HOUSES

These solar houses produce exactly as much
electricity as they need on a daily basis without using energy from the power distributors.
Furthermore, the system is usually designed to fully heat water, but usually
not to heat the premises. This system either uses a large battery or the local power
distributor for excess energy produced and accumulated to be used later. In the
long term, it is feasible to make your own battery. For this type of house you
need a very good insulation and in the winter period it is necessary to open
the windows. Stale air is filtered through a separate system in the attic.

3. ‘PLUS’ SOLAR HOUSE

The system is called “plus” because
it produces excess energy, in addition to domestic demand for electricity, hot
water and even heating. This system can warm up huge amounts of water stored in
large reservoirs near or below the house. Export of electricity is needed for a
night supplying uses the silos system. In this way, besides supplying the homes
with energy and saving, there is also profit accumulated.

The costs of this type of system amounts to
only 10% of the total amount spent on building a house, as long as its projected in the initial phase of construction with optimal solutions taken into consideration.

Given the importance of this topic, Energis aims to present the above mentioned Solar Houses within the upcoming Newsletters.

Renewable Energy Projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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