After the adoption, in 2008, of the EU Climate and Energy Package, the European Commission launched the Covenant of Mayors to endorse and support the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies. Indeed,Â local governments play a crucial role in mitigating the effects of climateÂ change, all the more so when considering
After the adoption, in 2008, of the EU Climate and Energy Package, the European Commission launched the Covenant of Mayors to endorse and support the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies.
Indeed,Â local governments play a crucial role in mitigating the effects of climateÂ change, all the more so when considering that 80% of energy consumption and CO2Â emissions is associated with urban activity.
For itsÂ unique characteristics – being the only movement of its kind mobilizing localÂ and regional actors around the fulfillment of EU objectives – the CovenantÂ of Mayors has been portrayed by European institutions as anÂ exceptional model of multi-level governance.
ActionsÂ speak for themselves
In orderÂ to translate their political commitment into concrete measures and projects,Â Covenant signatories notably
undertake to prepare a Baseline EmissionÂ Inventory and submit, within the year following their signature, a Sustainable Energy Action PlanÂ outlining the key actions they plan to undertake.
BeyondÂ energy savings, the results of signatoriesâ€™Â actions are manifold: creation of skilled and stable jobs, not subject toÂ delocalization; healthier environment and quality of life; enhanced economicÂ competitiveness and greater energy independence. These actions serve asÂ examples for others to follow, notably through referring to the â€œBenchmarks of Excellenceâ€, aÂ database of best practices submitted by Covenant signatories. The Catalogue of Â Sustainable Energy Action Plans is another such uniqueÂ source of inspiration, as it shows at a glance the ambitious objectives set byÂ other signatories and the keyÂ measures they have identified to reach them.
InÂ signatoriesâ€™ countriesÂ While an increasing number of municipalities are showing the political will toÂ sign up to the Covenant, they do not always have the financial and technicalÂ resources to live up to their commitments. For this reason, a special statusÂ within the Covenant has been granted to public administrations and networksÂ which are in a position to assist signatoriesÂ in fulfilling their ambitious goals.
Network ofÂ local authorities, known as Covenant Supporters, commit to maximize theÂ impact of the initiative through promotional activities, liaison with theirÂ members and experience-sharing platforms.
FromÂ the Covenant of Mayors OfficeÂ Promotional, technical and administrative assistance is provided on a dailyÂ basis to Covenant signatoriesÂ and facilitators by the Covenant of Mayors Office (CoMO), managed by a consortium ofÂ networks representing local and regional authorities.
FromÂ the Joint Research CentreÂ In cooperation with the CoMO,Â the Joint Research Centre of the European CommissionÂ assists signatories withÂ scientific and technical questions, mostly related to emission inventories and action plans.
FromÂ the EU institutionsÂ Alongside the European Commission,Â the Covenant benefits from full institutional support, including from theÂ Committee of the Regions, which supported the initiative since its inception;Â the European Parliament, where the two first signing ceremonies were held; andÂ the European Investment Bank, which assists local authorities in unlockingÂ their investment potentials.