Permaculture is a collection of practical skills for sustainable living means that you can reduce the cost of housing or simply to improve the quality of life, a green roof is one of them and provides better insulation.
The idea arose in the Middle Ages in northern Europe when people, in an effort to keep as much heat in the winter in houses, noticed that a layer of soil and grass that grows out of it, placed on the roof, provide good insulation that is not flammable.
Today green roof on private homes installed enthusiasts, but builders and city blocks. The basic idea is that the soil and the plants that grow from it, placed on the roof to block the sun in summer and winter heat loss.
After spreading to virtually all continents, the idea of permaculture arrived and in Croatia in mid-90s, and twenty years later, this country has one of the most dynamic permaculture scene in Europe.
Croatian Ivan permaculture instructor Greg told Fena that experience came after some of the first green roofs constructed in Croatia showed that during the hottest days of summer (when the temperature rises to 36-37 degrees Celsius) inside the house remains a maximum of 24 degrees. Clearly, no air conditioning and similar systems drawing power, provided that the walls have an insulation.
– In addition to the excellent insulation advantage is the lower cost, longer durability of styropol or styrofoam insulation, or even tile, and easier and faster to build – he stressed.
Specifies that in BiH there are a number of private farms, the area around Sarajevo and Banja Luka, which are built according to the principles of permaculture, as well as on the farm in Humilisani near Mostar, where in August set up a green roof.
– At this facility, except for green roof, built a system to recycle waste water and special “high flowerbeds”, but the plan is still such procedure that will encircle the farm in permaculture whole – he stressed.
Greg points out that, in order to extend the useful activity, the Association of Citizens Something More from Mostar and the Office for permaculture from the Croatian this year organized several courses in Sarajevo and Mostar, which are participants in the so-called. 72-hour course to learn about permaculture and previous years such courses were organized in Banja Luka. So far, more than 600 students have graduated from “72-hour course Permaculture Design”, in the area from Austria to Macedonia.
– These are courses under international program in which people around the world acquire basic knowledge of permaculture, of the work in the garden to building with straw or manufacture their own energy – he says.
The next course of this kind will be held from 11 to 20 November in Mostar, with the theoretical part of the city and practical on the farm in Humilisani.
Experts point out that the permaculture potentially useful knowledge for anyone who has a suburban or rural home, garden, cottage and even a balcony or a yard in the city, especially for those who inherit the earth, but they are not sure what to do with it.
Permaculture is now recognized around the world, from theorists (eg. In social sciences) or advocates of sustainability as one of the few complete “recipe” that could provide a good quality of life residents of the West, as well as underdeveloped countries and not to continue the current trend of excessive, non-renewable, resource depletion, environmental damage and climate balance and the split in society which, unfortunately, are increasingly witnessing the last decade.
Permaculture in the world seems pretty informal, as outside the university education for adults or by an association of citizens. The exception is a few countries, such as Great Britain or Australia, where permaculture included in university programs, consulting for government institutions or companies.