Climate change is an important global issue that affects us all. This chronology shows the process of reaching a new global legally binding agreement on climate and further commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the period from 2020th to 2030th
EU leaders agreed on the framework of climate and energy policy in 2030. The European Council endorsed the four objectives:
Necessary reduction of GHG by 40 %, by the year 2030 compared to 1990, which is a binding target for the EU
At least 27 % share of renewable energy which will be used in 2030,
Energy efficiency increase by 27 % compared to the predictions,
Completion of the internal energy market reaching the minimum target of 10% of existing interconnected power systems by 2020 at least for energy islands, especially the Baltic states and the Iberian Peninsula.
On the eve of the conference on climate change in Paris, the EU has sent its planned and nationally defined contribution (INDC) Secretariat United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). INDC With the EU expresses the commitment of the EU negotiation process for a new, legally binding agreement on climate change with the aim of keeping the global warming below 2 ° C. It confirmed the binding reduction target of at least 40% domestic greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990, as stated in the conclusions of the European Council in October 2014.
On the 18 September for the Environment Council adopted conclusions establishing the EU position for the UN Conference on Climate Change in Paris. Ministers agreed that the EU will strive to achieve an ambitious, legally binding and dynamic agreement with the aim of keeping the global warming below 2 ° C. To achieve this goal, the Council stressed that the global greenhouse gas emissions need to peak by 2020 and be reduced by at least 50% by 2050 compared to 1990 and will be almost zero or below zero by the year 2100.
On the 10 November Council for Economic and Financial Affairs Council adopted conclusions on financing the fight against climate change. In conclusion, the role of financing the fight against climate change is recognized as a means of keeping global warming below 2 ° C and the transition to a sustainable economy resistant to climate change and low greenhouse gas emissions. They are directed at contributes to EU funding to combat climate change that have committed developed countries from a wide range of sources and moving to 100 billion dollars a year by 2020.The ministers agreed that they need significant resources to help developing countries to fight climate change appropriately.
Climate Conference in Paris has been held since 30 November to 12 December 2015. That was the 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP 21) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 11 ). Delegations from around 150 countries participated in the negotiations on a new global legally binding agreement on climate change. The new global agreement on climate change has been achieved on 12 December. The agreement is a balanced outcome with an action plan to limit the global warming to the level “well below” 2 ° C and that it aims to limit to 1.5 ° C. Paris agreement also specifies that it will be open for signature for one year from 22 April 2016 in New York. It covers the period from 2020 onwards and will enter into force once it gets ratified by 55 countries responsible for at least 55% of global emissions.
EU leaders welcomed the historic climate deal which was agreed at the COP21 conference in Paris and called on the Commission and Council to evaluate the results and to prepare the next steps by March 2016, especially taking into consideration the climate and energy framework by 2030 .
On the fifteenth of February, the Council on Foreign Affairs adopted conclusions on the European climate diplomacy after the conference COP21. The Council underlined the role of European climate diplomacy in promoting the implementation of the Paris global agreement on climate change reached in December 2015. The Action Plan of the climate diplomacy for 2016 is focused on three main areas:
advocating the fight against climate change as a policy priority in diplomatic dialogue, public diplomacy and foreign policy instruments,
implementation of the Paris Agreement and provided at the national level certain contribution in the context of the development of low emission levels resistant to climate change,
addressing of climate change, natural resources, prosperity, stability and migration.
At a meeting of the Council for the Environment ministers discussed the follow-up action after the Paris Agreement on climate change and its consequences considering the climate policy of the EU. Timely implementation of the climate and energy framework of the EU by 2030 was seen as an important sign of the EU’s commitments to the goals of the Paris Agreement. The ministers stressed the importance of rapid ratification of the agreement.
Seventeenth and eighteenth of March the European Council stressed the need for the European Union and its Member States as soon as possible ratify the Paris Agreement to be of his party from the moment of entry into force. He also emphasized the EU’s commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions within the Union and increasing the share of renewable energy, and improving energy efficiency, as agreed at the European Council meeting in October 2014. Alignment of legislation for the implementation of this framework is a top priority.
On the 22/04/2016. The EU signed the Paris agreement. Dutch Environment Minister and President of the Council, Sharon Dijksma and European Commission Vice President Maroš Šefčovič sign the agreement on behalf of the EU at a ceremony at a high level in New York (United States). In the UN building in New York, 175 countries signed the Paris Convention on Climate Change, including the world’s largest emitters, China and the United States. On behalf of Bosnia and Herzegovina Agreement was signed by the Chairman of the Council of Ministers Denis Zvizdić. After signing the agreement, Zvizdić said that the global crisis requires a global response. Therefore, the cooperation of all countries will be key for efficiently stopping the negative trends in the near future that would surely lead to disastrous consequences.