New EWEA report confirmed that wind energy alone could cover half of the planned target of 30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. Emissions that can be avoided only in the European windÂ energy sector are a sign that Europe needs to increase the target for reducingÂ greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 from 20% to 30%.
New EWEA report confirmed that wind energy alone could cover half of the planned target of 30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020.
Emissions that can be avoided only in the European windÂ energy sector are a sign that Europe needs to increase the target for reducingÂ greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 from 20% to 30%. This is the result of a newÂ EWEA report “Wind Energy and EU climate policy: to achieve 30% lessÂ emissions by 2020.”
Wind farms do not emit greenhouse gases, unlike coal, oilÂ and gas. At the same time, it is argued that the electricity market uses aÂ marginal cost when deciding where to produce energy – i.e. the cost of addingÂ more power from a particular source of energy – rather than full investment andÂ maintenance costs – a wind energy has a low marginal costs (due to free fuel)Â and increasing production from wind energy is changing the combination ofÂ production from oil, gas and coal.
The European Commission estimates that these threeÂ technologies had average emissions of 696 gCO2/kWh in 2010. In 2010, windÂ energy produced 181 TWh of electricity, which was enough to avoid emissions ofÂ 126 million tons of CO2 (MtCO2).
The report stated that the EU-27 KyotoÂ Protocol to reduce emissions by 7.8% compared to the level of 1990. AtÂ least 50% reduction can be done within the EU (so-called local reduction) whileÂ the remainder can achieved through purchase of green certificates from projectsÂ outside the EU through the CDM / JI (Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation).Â These certificates outside the EU are called “offset”. In 2010, EUÂ wind energy was responsible for avoiding 28% of Kyoto targets for reducingÂ emissions of CO2, which is 56% of national targets for reduction. The EU’s goalÂ for 2020 is to reduce the emissions of 1113 Mt compared to 1990, withÂ approximately 60% of emissions by “offset” and the remaining 40% ofÂ the national target. According to EWEA, 230 GW of wind power plants areÂ supposed to be build by 2020, which will produce 581 GWh of electricity inÂ order to save 342 Mt CO2.
The EU has no targets for the energy sector itself, butÂ the ETS (Emission Trading Scheme) has set a goal to reduce by 21% compared toÂ 2005 where it can be used 50% of “offsets”. Wind generators that wereÂ built since 2005 until last year avoided releasing 78 Mt CO2 as 83% of theÂ needs of the ETS. By 2020 wind generators built from 2005 will be responsibleÂ for the avoidance of even 301 MtCO2 enough for 64% of the current goal of ETSÂ and if the goal of increasing to 30%, wind energy will still cover 53% of ETS’sÂ overall goal, and even 107% of the ETS national goal. This is equivalent to removalÂ of 173 million cars, approximately 81% of all cars in the European Union.
With such results, EWEA proposes increasing the targetsÂ for reducing emissions to 30%, which is attainable and positive for the economyÂ of EU. Wind energy will provide increased energy security and new high-quality businesses.
This goal supports the Government of Great Britain and Denmark but Poland andÂ Italy are against them.
EWEA’s other proposal is to strengthen the ETS system andÂ this is because the economic crisis hampers the efficiency of ETS as industryÂ produces less CO2 due to the crisis so it was a surplus in the market, andÂ therefore the price of CO2 fell. If, however, the goal to increase the industryÂ will need more CO2 emissions and the price will rise again. Another way ofÂ achieving the same goal is to reduce part of the additional benefits.
In the third proposal EWEA linked the financial resourcesÂ that will arise from future auctions for the subsidies in the energy sector.Â Currently, wind receives part of the stimulus, which means that part of theÂ program product for free. From 2013 will be almost all the incentives to sellÂ at auction the energy sector, which means that all member states will gain upÂ to 50 billion Euros annually. EWEA wants to take advantage of all of theseÂ revenues to fund stopping climate change and develop renewable energy sources.
The report also states that more gas power plants thanÂ wind power plants were installed during the last 10 years in Europe. TheÂ current goal of the European Union is not in accordance with theÂ recommendations of the UN to 2050. The cut emissions by 80-95% in order toÂ avoid a temperature rise of more than 2 degrees Celsius. To achieve the goal ofÂ 95% is needed for 2020 set a target of 30%, otherwise it will be attained onlyÂ 80% goal by 2050, EWEA said.
The European Union would maintain (and increase) theirÂ international competitiveness should they increase its target to reduceÂ emissions, concluded the “Wind direction” report.Â