Bosnia and Herzegovina, among other things, has an obligation to by 2020. 40% of the energy uses from renewable energy sources. This goal will include bioenergy or energy produced from certain types of biomass, while 10% of this target refers biofuels in the transport sector. Therefore, the overall strategic objective of the implementation of policies regulating the renewable energy sources, ie. biomass in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is to provide the basis for the achievement of defined objectives, particularly in the area of heating and use of biofuels in transport, creating a sustainable market for bioenergy.
In BiH there is still no analysis of how many actually achieve its goal of 10% in the transport sector, nor is there a strategic approach of the institutions for achieving this goal. In addition, the sustainability criteria that are applied to biofuels in transport, as defined in Articles 17 to 21 of Directive 2009/28 / EC, have brought a significant change in the transport sector. These criteria are present in various sectors – transport, agriculture and the environment – and this could be one of the most important reasons why none of the Contracting Party, as well as Bosnia and Herzegovina has still not implemented the provisions in the national legislation. This delay has and could have a negative impact on the targeted results – even if there is, or there will be a certain percentage of biofuels on the market, it can not be included in the achievement of the objectives of renewable energy unless there is proof of their viability, ie. If it is not met the criteria of sustainability, and implemented the system checks the same.
In order that institutions in BiH clearly commit themselves for the steps that are necessary for implementation of the provisions of the Directive on renewable energy sources, and obligations under the Energy Community Treaty on biofuels, there is a need for analysis of the current status of implementation and making recommendations for the development of a strategic approach to implementation with a view to achieving overall objective and compliance provisions. These recommendations should include suggestions and steps of implementation and sequencing of activities.
Through the GIZ project “Promoting renewable energy in BiH“ funded by the German Ministry for ‘Economic cooperation and development amounts to draft a recommendation for the use of biofuels in the transport sector of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in accordance with the requirements of the Energy Community Treaty.
In this task will be included international and local experts who will collect the data, contact the relevant institutions in the field of biofuels and organize a public event to implement a public debate on this subject.